Tag: SA

South Africa moved to Level 1 lockdown on 21 September, after President Cyril Ramaphosa announced an easing of restrictions as Covid-19 cases continue to decline.

Among these it was announced that, from 1 October, travel in and out of South Africa will be allowed again under strict conditions.

According to StatsSA, nearly 16.5-million tourists visit South Africa each year. In 2019 alone, this employed 1.5-million people and contributed R425.8-billion to the economy.

Tourism Minister Mmamoloko Kubayi-Ngubane has said that the sector is ready to welcome an increase in activity for both domestic and international tourists.

The restrictions, which have yet to be published, will limit travel to and from certain countries that have high infection rates. This will be updated based on the latest scientific data.

However, South Africa’s move to Level 1 has coincided with the northern hemisphere’s approaching winter – and many countries are seeing a rise in cases, resulting in increased lockdown measures.

According to News24, the 10 leading countries for overseas tourists in South Africa are:

  1. United Kingdom
  2. USA
  3. Germany
  4. France
  5. Netherlands
  6. Australia
  7. China
  8. India
  9. Canada
  10. Italy

The UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, just yesterday announced increased lockdown measures, including a return to work-from-home; a 10pm closure time for pubs, bars and restaurants; stricter rules around face coverings in public; and strict fines for lack of compliance.

In mainland Europe, France has reported 10 569 new cases; Italy saw close to 1 000 new infections; and Germany reported 1 345 new cases Sunday, and a further 922 cases Monday. As a result, European countries are likely to impose more restrictions on public life in the coming days.

While Americans are, at this point, allowed to travel, the lack of stringent measures at a federal level has resulted in many countries putting tourists from the States on a blacklist.

Australia’s borders remain closed, although it is slowly opening domestic borders. India is also opening domestic borders, but international borders are not yet open.

China opened its international borders to select countries, which at the moment are Canada, Thailand, Cambodia, Pakistan, Greece, Denmark, Austria and Sweden. This list is expected to change according to the situations in each country.

It has also been noted that domestic tourism is on the rise across the globe as people explore their own backyards, rather than risking quarantine or last minute cancellations. A loss of income due to lockdown and an increase in furlough, retrenchments and unemployment has decreased disposable income – all of which will have a negative impact on tourism.

21-day lockdown: SA grinds to a halt

Note: This is a developing story. It will be updated as new information becomes available.

On Monday night, President Cyril Ramaphosa announced a nationwide 21-day lockdown to halt the progress of the coronavirus, and as such deployed the SANDF to help SAPS maintain order. The lockdown is effective as of 23:59:59 on Thursday, 26 March 2020.

Questions have been rife about who will shut down, who can go where and who will be able to do what.

Who will be affected by the lockdown?

The short answer is: almost everyone. No one, with the exception of the exempted listed below, will be allowed to leave their homes for the 21 days unless under strictly controlled circumstances, such as to buy food or medicine, seek medical care or collect a social grant.

The homeless will be housed in shelters which meet hygiene standards, or will be asked to self-isolate in quarantine sites which will be identified.

What can you NOT do during this time?

People will not be allowed to:

  • Gather for any event, including church services, parties or weddings
  • Visit family members in hospital – NetCare Hospitals have suspended visiting hours
  • Operate or visit restaurants, bars, coffee shops or takeaway places
  • Operate non-essential delivery services such as Uber Eats and Mr D Food
  • Visit malls for the purpose of recreational shopping (such as shopping for clothes or goods)
  • Visit casinos, fleamarkets, parks, cinemas, taverns, hotels, game reserves, lodges or guesthouses
  • Purchase or sell alcohol
  • Walk or jog outside

Who will stay open?

All businesses and shops will be closed for this period except for:

  • Pharmacies
  • Laboratories
  • Veterinary services
  • Banks
  • Essential financial and payment services, including the JSE
  • Supermarkets
  • Petrol stations
  • Healthcare providers
  • Spaza shops will remain open and be supported with bulk buying and in other ways, to keep their selves full
  • Essential municipal services, such as rubbish collection
  • Courier services moving essential goods

“Companies that are essential to the production and transportation of food, basic goods and medical supplies will remain open,” Ramaphosa said.

Among those who will be closed are:

  • Restaurants, cafes, bars and coffee shops
  • Non-essential public-facing businesses

Businesses who can remain open by working remotely should do so.

Who will be exempted?

People necessary for the response to the virus are exempted from the lockdown:

  • Health workers
  • Emergency personnel
  • Security services (police, traffic officers, military medical personnel and soldiers)
  • Those involved in the production, distribution and supply of food and basic goods
  • Essential banking services workers
  • Those working in maintenance of power, water and telecommunications services
  • Laboratory service workers
  • Workers providing medical and hygiene products
  • Workers providing essential municipal services, such as rubbish collection

South Africa’s burning questions on restricted movement

  • Are you able to walk to the shops?
    Only to shops within your immediate area.
  • Are you able to go jogging or cycling?
    No. You are to remain in your property.
  • Will you be able to visit friends or family?
    No. Movement is only for the vital functions of obtaining food, medicine, medical care or social grants.
  • In families where parents are divorced and custody is shared, will you be able to share your children?
  • Will you be able to visit parents or loved ones in old age homes or hospitals?
    No. Movement is only for the vital functions of obtaining food, medicine, medical care or social grants.
  • How will people be able to shop?
    People are encouraged to use the shops closest to their houses. Shops will be mandated to keep a distance of 1m between patrons. No more than 50 people will be allowed in the shop at any one time. It is advisable that only one person is in a vehicle at any one time. If you are transporting someone to get medical care, they are to sit at the back of the vehicle with the window open.
  • Will people be allowed to walk their pets?
    No. You are to walk them in your property.
  • Will movement be limited in complexes?
    Movement inside complexes will be dictated by the complex governing body, but the mandate is to stay at home unless absolutely necessary.
  • Are bottle shops classed as essential?
    No. These will be closed for 21 days. People may not sell or transport alcohol from one place to another.
  • Can your boss force you to take your annual leave during this period?
  • Will Home Affairs be open?
    Only on skeleton staff, to issue temporary IDs, replacement birth certificates and death certificates. No new applications will be considered.
  • If your driver’s licence expires during lockdown, will you be able to renew?
    No. All licences that expire in the next 21 days will be given a grace period for renewal. All driving tests scheduled during this period will happen once the lockdown is over.
  • How many people can attend a funeral?
    Should a person die during the next 21 days, only 50 people may attend the funeral. No night vigils may be held.

Freedom of movement

Harsher restrictions have been placed on travellers coming in and going out of the country:

  • South African citizens arriving in the country will have to undergo a 14-day quarantine period
  • International travellers arriving from high-risk counties will simply be turned back
  • Those who landed after 9 March from high-risk countries will be confined to their hotels for a 14-day quarantine period
  • No rail will operate in the public or private sector
  • Only essential air cargo will be allowed in
  • No cruise ships will be allowed at port
  • Essential cargo will be allowed at our eight seaports
  • Minibus taxis may transport essential services workers only, from 05:00 to 09:00, and from 16:00 to 20:00 daily
  • Bolt, Uber and other e-hailing services will be able to operate for essential services workers only, from 05:00 to 09:00, and from 16:00 to 20:00 daily
  • Buses will be able to operate for essential services workers only, from 05:00 to 09:00, and from 16:00 to 20:00 daily

Economic safety net

Ramaphosa reiterated the dire impact Covid-19 could have on the economy, which could cause businesses to close and many to lose their jobs.
A number of measures have been implemented:

  • The creation of a solidarity fund geared at support for those whose lives have been disrupted and to combat the virus. Contribute at www.solidarityfund.co.za
  • The creation of a Debt Relief Fund by the Department of Small Business Development
  • Old-age pensions and disability grants will be available for collection from 30 and 31 March 2020, while other categories of grants will be available for collection from 1 April 2020
  • Wage payments for employees through the Temporary Employee Relief Scheme will help companies pay employees during this period and avoid retrenchment
  • Employees who fall ill due to exposure in the workplace will be paid through the Compensation Fund
  • Government will provide tax subsidies of up to R500 a month for the next four months to private sector employees earning less than R6 500
  • Government has encouraged all employers to continue to pay staff where possible
  • Traditional shut-down periods over Christmas may be scrapped in 2020


Prospects for the retail sector remain weak and are unlikely to improve in 2017, as confirmed by Massmart’s interim sales update released on Monday.

In the 26 weeks to June 25, Massmart recorded R42.5bn in sales, representing an increase of 0.5% compared with the year-earlier period. Comparable store sales fell 1.6%. Product inflation was estimated at 3.2%.

Massmart’s share price initially dipped more than 2% after the announcement, but bounced back into marginally positive territory. “I don’t know if there was anyone who was massively disappointed by the update,” said Old Mutual Investment Group consumer and industrial sector analyst Brian Pyle.

“Nobody really expected anything else other than what Massmart reported today. People are expecting tough times and the update shows it. That said, these numbers are weak.”

Comparable store sales fell at most of the company’s trading divisions. Like-for-like sales fell 3.5% at Massdiscounters, by 0.2% at Massbuild and 3.3% at Masscash. Masswarehouse grew comparable sales by 1.5% with inflation of 3.9%.

Mergence Investment Managers portfolio manager Peter Takaendesa said the food side of the business performed better than nonfood categories. Sales growth in food was 3%. In general merchandise it fell 2.9%.
“As we saw in the recently reported Woolworths numbers, the trend of better food sales relative to nonfood consumer goods is evident in Massmart’s numbers. Consumers are largely in survival mode and discretionary items have to take a back seat for now,” he said.

The biggest concern for all retailers was the downward trend in growth rates to levels much lower than cost inflation. This came at a cost to profit margins, said Takaendesa.

For Massmart, he expected a technical improvement in the sales rate for the rest of the year, but a stronger recovery was only likely later in 2018 “and could be better if we get an interest rate cut sooner to help consumer confidence recover”.

“It’s going to be difficult for Massmart’s turnaround efforts to show the intended results given much weaker consumer spend and the mid-long term risks posed by independent e-commerce rivals such as Takealot, which need to be monitored closely,” he said.

Ashburton Investments said that it preferred Woolworths in this sector.
Woolworths said it expected its adjusted headline earnings per share for the year to June 25 to fall between 5% and 10%.

“Massmart’s update shows the really poor consumer environment in SA,” said Ashburton portfolio manager Wayne McCurrie. “This is not unique to Massmart. All consumer firms are suffering the same — a subdued consumer in recession.”

McCurrie said the performance of Massmart’s food division was reasonable and the performance of the nonfood goods was “terrible”, but that the market knew this after SA fell into recession.

Pyle said the next six months were not going to be any better for any retailer, but that the sector could see recovery in 2018.

By Colleen Goko for Business Day

The country’s gross domestic product contracted 0.3% in the fourth quarter of 2016, according to Statistics South Africa (Stats SA).

Stats SA released the data in Pretoria on Tuesday. Overall GDP grew by 0.3% in 2016. This is lower than growth of 1.3% reported in 2015.

The main contributors to negative GDP growth were the mining and quarrying industry and the manufacturing industry.

Commodities showed a declining trend, according to Michael Manamela, chief director of national accounts. Mining and quarrying decreased by 11.5% due to a drop in the production of coal, gold and other metals including platinum.

Manufacturing decreased by 3.1%. This was brought on by a decline in manufacturing of food and beverages, petroleum, chemical products, rubber and plastic products as well as motor vehicles, parts and accessories of transport equipment.

Agriculture declined by 0.1% but although negative, it showed signs of improvement, said Manamela. “What is important is that the trajectory is upward and we should see an improvement in 2017.”

The primary and secondary sectors declined by 9% and 1.8%, respectively.

The tertiary sector grew by 1.3%. The largest contributors to GDP include trade, catering and accommodation industry and finance, real estate and business services.

Expenditure on GDP

Expenditure on GDP decreased by 0.1%, and overall expenditure lifted 0.5% in 2016. This is lower than the expenditure of 1.2% reported in 2015.

Household final consumption expenditure increased by 2.2% in the fourth quarter. It contributed 1.3 percentage points to total growth. The largest contributors to growth include food and non-alcoholic beverages which went up 2.4%, and clothing and footware which rose 10.4%.

Growth in semi-durable goods grew 6.8%, followed by services at 3.2% and non-durable goods at 0.3%. Durable good spend only increased by 0.2%.

Government final consumption expenditure increased 0.3%.

Growth in investment expenditure increased by 1.7%. The largest contributor to growth was construction works, which increased 3.6% and contributed 1.2 percentage points to growth.

Net exports contributed positively to growth in expenditure, said the report. Exports increased by 12.5%, due to higher exports of precious metals and mineral products. Imports increased by 6.1%.

Fin24 previously reported that economists were expecting low growth in the fourth quarter. South Africa’s GDP growth rate on a yearly basis until the end of September 2016 was at 0.7%, which was impacted by a 0.1% contraction in the first quarter of 2016 and low growth in the following quarters.

South Africa’s GDP growth rate on a yearly basis until the end of September 2016 was at 0.7%, which was impacted by a 0.1% contraction in the first quarter of 2016 and low growth in the following quarters.

Further, the Business Confidence Index declined to 38 in the fourth quarter of 2016 from 42 in the previous period, explained Giacomo Bonavera, head of foreign exchange trading at Capilis Asset Managers, who wrote in Finweek on Monday.

“An increase in activity in the finance, transport and communication, real estate and construction sectors was offset by a decline in the agriculture, mining and manufacturing industries,” he said.

National Treasury said in its budget in 2017 that it expected the country to grow by 1.3% in 2017, and by 2% in 2018. It also sees inflation falling to 6.4% in 2017 and 5.7% in 2018.

By Lameez Omarjee for Fin24

Amazon puts roots in SA

While global online retail company Amazon.com widens its net with online food shopping and walk-in bookstores, its Web services division is making inroads in South Africa.

Amazon Web Services says it is recruiting 250 people for its offices in Cape Town and Johannesburg.

The company offers cloud computing for other companies. Cloud computing refers to the on-demand delivery of IT resources and applications via the internet with pay-as-you-go pricing.

The head of technology and solutions architecture at Amazon, Attila Narin, says the company had recognised the potential for growth in South Africa where Cape Town and Jo’burg acted in perfect unison.

“Cape Town is ideal for the technical side of things, and Jo’burg is perfect for the customer-facing side of things. In fact, some of the core technology for Amazon’s cloud computing used across the globe was built right here in Cape Town,” says Narin, who is based in Luxembourg but worked in Cape Town from 2006 to 2008, and was back in the city this week.

“This city has an amazing pool of talent, as universities like UCT and Stellenbosch produce some of the finest engineering students on the continent. That is the main criterion for choosing our development centres, so Cape Town ticked the boxes.”

Narin says that Johannesburg, which opened its Amazon Web Services office last year, is “the economic heart of the country and the continent too, so it made sense to have our customer-facing presence there”.
Narin says the company’s successes in South Africa included Entersekt, Travelstart, and Medscheme.

Stellenbosch-based Entersekt developed South Africa’s first security solutions for mobile banking, resulting in a decline in credit card fraud.

Travelstart, an online booking service for flights and hotels, “shows how you go beyond the normal borders with cloud computing. It is now present in all of southern Africa and the Middle East”.

Medscheme uses cloud computing to keep patient records, making them “more accessible to medical service providers”.

Narin says South Africa was a “highly innovative and creative space for start-ups”.

By Tanya Farber for www.timeslive.co.za

SA companies not ready for POPI

Trustwave has released its findings from a survey of 113 South African IT professionals, asking if they are ready for POPI – South Africa’s Protection of Personal Information Act which seeks to regulate the processing of personal information and standardise compliance with privacy and data protection legislation.

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