Tag: war

ANC advisor condones Constitution hijack

Controversial advisor to finance minister Malusi Gigaba, Professor Chris Malikane, has warned South Africans to be “prepared for the worst” for radical economic transformation to succeed in South Africa, according to a report by the City Press.

Speaking at a Blacks in Dialogue event in Johannesburg on Saturday evening, Malikane was frank about the reality of radical economic transformation – but doubled down on his support of it, calling for changes to the Constitution and the nationalisation of major sectors of the economy.

Malikane said that a radical economic transformation policy would plunge the country into a crisis, based on what happened in Venezuela, India and Zimbabwe – where similar strategies were introduced – and that people needed to prepare themselves for that eventuality.

“If we are real about transformation, we need to be real and strengthen our people ideologically and politically. We need to organise and educate our people. Did you think to transform is going to be nice?” he asked.

“We need a two-thirds majority to change the Constitution. Otherwise, to achieve what we want to achieve, we need to go that route [take up arms]. Let’s try two-thirds. I don’t like war,” Malikane said.

Earlier this month the national treasury was forced to put out a number of fires after Malikane published an article advocating, among other things, the nationalisation of banks.

In an opinion piece published in the Sunday Times, Malikane said he was in favour of government taking over the banks, mines and insurance companies.

National Treasury said in an explanatory statement that the views expressed in the opinion piece were not necessarily government policy. “Professor Malikane is within his rights as an academic and an activist to contribute ideas to national discourse on any subject.

“Minister Malusi Gigaba wishes to place on record that the work of the Ministry of Finance will continue to be guided by policies of the ANC, as articulated in conference resolutions and in the 2014 election manifesto.”

The disconnect between the finance minister and his adviser has caused concern amongst financial analysts, opposition parties and civil groups, who have noted that such a drastic difference in policies reflected poorly on a country which was facing extreme economic volatility.

Source: www.businesstech.co.za

World War Water

Former World Bank vice-president Ismail Serageldin famously predicted that “the wars of the 21st century will be fought over water”.

But now a plan has emerged to ensure that if violence erupts, it bypasses South Africa. It has been put together by the World Wide Fund for Nature and the Boston Consulting Group.

Among the steps suggested in the report are:

  • Water-use compliance and disclosure reporting requirements for JSE-listed companies;
  • Equipping communities with the skills to fix leaks;
  • Strictly enforced penalties for abuse of water; and
  • Incentives for the private sector to save water.

WWF’s senior manager for fresh water, Christine Colvin, said the worst drought for 20 years had taught some harsh lessons.

“Although the Cape is still in the grip of a deepening disaster, a greater danger may be that the floods in the rest of the country wash away the good resolutions to be better prepared and strengthen water governance,” she said.

South Africa would face a water deficit of 17% by 2030, the report said. By then demand for water was expected to have grown from 15-billion cubic metres to 18-billion cubic metres.

Delegates at the Future of Water workshop in January imagined four scenarios:

  1. Ample water across the country but excessive waste due to decaying infrastructure, and a depressed socioeconomic environment;
  2. Adequate water and a booming economy leading to growing demand;
  3. High economic growth but water scarcity due to drought and pollution; and
  4. Severe drought coupled with recession.

Four key goals emerged: becoming a water-conscious country; implementing strong water governance; managing water supply and demand; and becoming “water smart” by commercialising low-water technologies for industry and agriculture.

Drops in the bucket

  • Average annual rainfall is 490mm; the worldwide average is 814mm;
  • Agriculture uses 63% of water, households 26% and industry 11%;
  • 35% of household water is used in gardens, 29% to flush toilets and 13% on laundry;
  • R700-billion is needed to upgrade water infrastructure;
  • 46% of South Africans have a tap at home; and
  • 25% is lost to leaks in municipal systems.

By Dave Chambers for www.timeslive.co.za

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